Shadwell Wood Map Ref: TL 573 412
Shadwell Wood Leaflet – you can download a PDF leaflet about the wood on this link
Public Transport – Bus 59 Saffron Walden to Ashdon – irregular service.
Dogs allowed if under effective control. Please clean up after your dog.
Directions: On the main road from Saffron Walden to Ashdon, about half a mile before the village Church. Entrance to the reserve is by a track at the side of ‘Barleycroft’ bungalow. Essex Wildlife Trust does not own the track and would prefer visitors to Park on the opposite side of the main road in the field entrance. If you have difficulty walking and do drive the track, please go very slowly at walking pace only.
The track and field outside the wood are very muddy and getting cut up by vehicle wheels. This damages land not owned by Essex Wildlife Trust. If you drive on the track and field you are likely to get stuck !
Designation: Site of Special Scientific Interest – this is a true Nature Reserve – a place Reserved for Nature. It is the home of some very rare species, in some cases their last home in the area, and the wood must be treated with respect. It is not a park, it is not a recreation ground, it is not an adventure playground. The saying goes, “Take only photos, Leave only footsteps”, but here you should not even leave footsteps. The rare plants grow on the paths and are very easily damaged by trampling. It is not the place to go “for a walk”, every step has to be carefully placed, and please do not leave the paths, the off-path areas are kept undisturbed for nature. Please only visit to study the wildlife and remember, Living Museum not Park.
The wood is open at all times but paths are unsurfaced and the entrance gates are inaccessible for wheelchairs.
What to look for:
Shadwell Wood is a 17.5 acres Oxlip woodland with Oak and Ash trees and coppiced Hazel and Maple growing between them. Shadwell Wood is managed so that a host of our woodland flowering plants grow on the woodland floor. Early spring brings Oxlips, Wood Violets and Wood Anemones. These give way to Early Purple Orchids, Bluebells, Bugle and Herb Paris. Summer brings Common Spotted Orchids, Meadowsweet and Sanicle.
The wood is managed in the traditional manner by coppicing, cutting a section to the ground each year, from which it quickly regrows. This is the way the wood was used for centuries, producing wood for tools, fences, fires and housebuilding in the local area. The differing stages of regrowth encourage many summer visiting birds to nest, and provide open sunny areas for ground layer plants to flower, and for butterflies to feed. Fencing is used to exclude deer from the wood otherwise they would browse the tender coppice regrowth, killing or stunting the trees, and would eat the flowers.
Here are two slide show galleries about the art of coppicing; the first is a general explanation of the process, and the second follows this year’s coppiced area
The Coppice Cycle
A working coppice wood is a mosaic of patches of woodland at different stages of regrowth, height and complexity. The more variety in structure, the more different habitats are created, and the more species the wood can hold. The paradox is, that cutting down the wood at intervals and letting it regrow improves the species diversity. The following photos show the successive stages after coppicing.
It looks like devastation after being cut down, apart from a few retained standards, then there are two cold snowy spells at the end of December and the beginning of March, and then not much happens, right through until mid June with blazing heat and no rain right through July. And then it starts to grow back, and by mid July the growth is obvious, and by August the nearest Hazel is blocking the view. Two metres growth is possible in the first season.